[BT英语0261] august

august

作“八月”解的August /’ɔ:gəst/一定是大写的。

「8月」的英文是August,是由奥古斯都之号Augustus而来的,因为他在建立罗马帝国的过程中打的几次辉煌胜仗都发生在这个月,其中也包括攻陷亚历山大港、征服埃及之役。Augustus本是元老院(senate)赐封给他的称号,意为「神圣伟大」(小写的august「威严的」与之同源),他本姓Thurinus(图里努斯),从此就被Augustus(神圣伟大)这个称号所取代了。

Someone or something that is august is dignified and impressive. 有威严的;令人敬畏的。

Being so near the august person of the Empress, he was overcome with awe. 如此靠近威严的女皇,他心中充满了敬畏。

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